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Updated

Last Updated Date: 02/22/2022

Adoption Date: 06/22/2021

Revision History: 02/22/22 (updated), 12/13/22 (reviewed), 12/12/23 (reviewed)

The Disease

Hepatitis B is a viral infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which causes death in 1-2% of those infected. Most people with HBV recover completely, but approximately 5-10% become chronic carriers of the virus. Most of these people have no symptoms, but can continue to transmit the disease to others. Some may develop chronic active hepatitis and cirrhosis. HBV may be a causative factor in the development of liver cancer. Immunization against HBV can prevent acute hepatitis and its complications.

The Vaccine

The HBV vaccine is produced from yeast cells. It has been extensively tested for safety and effectiveness in large scale clinical trials.

Approximately 90 percent of healthy people who receive two doses of the vaccine and a third dose as a booster achieve high levels of surface antibody (anti-HBs) and protection against the virus. The HBV vaccine is recommended for workers with the potential for contact with blood or body fluids. Full immunization requires three doses of the vaccine over a six-month period, although some people may not develop immunity even after three doses.

There is no evidence that the vaccine has ever caused Hepatitis B. However, persons who have been infected with HBV prior to receiving the vaccine may go on to develop clinical hepatitis in spite of immunization.

Dosage and Administration

The vaccine is given in three intramuscular doses in the deltoid muscle. Two initial doses are given one month apart and the third dose is given six months after the first.

Possible Vaccine Side Effects

The incidence of side effects is very low. No serious side effects have been reported with the vaccine. Ten to 20 percent of persons experience tenderness and redness at the site of injection and low grade fever. Rash, nausea, joint pain, and mild fatigue have also been reported. The possibility exists that other side effects may be identified with more extensive use.


CONSENT FORM OF HEPATITIS B VACCINATION

I have knowledge of Hepatitis B and the Hepatitis B vaccination. I have had an opportunity to ask questions of a qualified nurse, physician, or advanced practice provider and understand the benefits and risks of Hepatitis B vaccination. I understand that I must have three doses of the vaccine to obtain immunity. However, as with all medical treatment, there is no guarantee that I will become immune or that I will not experience side effects from the vaccine. I give my consent to be vaccinated for Hepatitis B.

_______________________________________________                      ___________
Signature of Employee (consent for Hepatitis B vaccination)                     Date

_______________________________________________                      ____________
Signature of Witness                                                                                   Date

 


REFUSAL FORM OF HEPATITIS B VACCINATION

I understand that due to my occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials, I may be at risk of acquiring the Hepatitis B virus infection. I have been given the opportunity to be vaccinated with Hepatitis B vaccine at no charge to myself. However, I decline the Hepatitis B vaccination at this time. I understand that by declining this vaccine, I continue to be at risk of acquiring Hepatitis B, a serious disease. If, in the future, I continue to have occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials and I want to be vaccinated with the Hepatitis B vaccine, I can receive the vaccination series at no charge to me.

______________________________________________          _____________
Signature of Employee (refusal for Hepatitis B vaccination)          Date
 
______________________________________________           _____________
Signature of Witness                                                                      Date

I refuse because I believe I have (check one)

       ____  started the series

       ____  completed the series


RELEASE FORM FOR HEPATITIS B MEDICAL INFORMATION

I hereby authorize ___________________________________________________                                            (individual or organization holding Hepatitis B records and address)

to release to the ________________ Community School District, my Hepatitis B vaccination

records for required employee records.

I hereby authorize release of my Hepatitis B status to a health care provider, in the event of an exposure incident.

_______________________________________             _________________
Signature of Employee                                                      Date

_______________________________________             _________________
Signature of Witness                                                         Date

 


 

CONFIDENTIAL RECORD

____________________________________________              ___________________
Employee Name (last, first, middle)                                              Social Security No.

Job Title: _______________________________________________________________

Hepatitis B Vaccination Date          Lot Number                    Site Administered by
1. ____________________           _______________          ______________________
2. ____________________           _______________          ______________________
3. ____________________           _______________          ______________________


Additional Hepatitis B status information:
________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________


Post-exposure incident: (Date, time, circumstances, route under which exposure occurred)
________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________



Identification and documentation of source individual:

________________________________________________________________________

Source blood testing consent:

________________________________________________________________________


Description of employee's duties as related to the exposure incident:

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________


Copy of information provided to health care professional evaluating an employee after an exposure incident:

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________


Attach a copy of all results of examinations, medical testing, follow-up procedures, and health care professional's written opinion.

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Training Record: (date, time, instructor, location of training summary)

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

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